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Thursday, September 29, 2022

All that You Need to Know About Internal Brain Bleeding

Internal brain bleeding is also know as hemorrhage and intracranial hemorrhage. It is a condition in which the brain’s blood vessels rupture and release blood into the brain and skull. 

What are Signs of Internal Brain Bleeding?

Some of the common and note-worthy symptoms of internal bleeding are as follows:

  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Stiffness in neck
  • Light sensitivity
  • Slurred speech
  • Lethargy or lack of energy
  • Coma or sleepiness
  • Irregular breathing
  • Erratic heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Thunderclap headache
  • Numbness, paralysis, weakness and tingling sensation in the body parts

What are the Common Causes of Internal Bleeding?

Internal bleeding causes can range from injury to medical health complications that are listing below:

  • Severe head trauma or blow to the head during accidents and games as well as sports that are caused due to fall
  • Blood thinners medications
  • Smoking
  • Drug intake or drinking habits
  • Formation of collagen in blood vessels that either rupture or get swollen and the blood leaks out
  • Brain tumours that pressurise the surrounding tissues
  • Hypertension
  • Growth of amyloid proteins in the arteries walls
  • Formation of a blood clot that might travel from one place to another
  • A weak spot of blood vessels that causes blood leakage
  • Pregnancy-related conditions such as eclampsia, postpartum vasculopathy
  • The formation of collagen in the blood vessels can lead to rupture and blood leakage

According to the best neurologist in Islamabad, there are two ways internal bleeding can occur in the brain. Either the bleeding can occur inside the skull and outside the brain tissue or it can occur inside the brain. 

What Happens if Internal Bleeding is Happening Outside the Brain Tissue?

Our brain has three protective layers that are located between the skull and the soft brain tissues. These layers are dura mater, arachnoid mater and pia mater. All of these layers are know to keep the brain safe and sound. The instances of internal bleeding can actually occur in any of the three layers. 

  • Epidural Bleeding 
  • Subdural Bleeding
  • Subarachnoid Bleeding

Epidural Bleeding

In epidural bleeding, severe head trauma or injury can lead to intense bleeding between the skull and that outermost layer. This outermost layer is also know as dura mater. 

Subdural Bleeding

In subdural bleeding, the brain’s outermost layer such as the dura mater and the second layer is affected. The blood tends to pool in these areas.

Subarachnoid Bleeding 

Internal bleeding instances occur between the innermost layers and the arachnoid layer. 

What Happens if Bleeding Occurs Inside the Brain Tissues?

There are two types of haemorrhages or instances of internal bleeding that are given below:

  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Intraventricular damage

Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Intracerebral hemorrhage is a condition in which a person suffers from internal bleeding inside the brain stems, lobes and pons. 

Intraventricular Damage

Internal bleeding occurs in brain cavities and leads to the release of cerebrospinal fluid. 

If your doctor is suspecting any of the above-mentioned symptoms the doctors might recommend you an MRI. Ask your doctor about the MRI scan price and other sorts of test-related queries. 

What are the Possible Treatment Options for Internal Bleeding?

The cases and severity of internal bleeding may vary from size, location and the amount of swelling. You need to consult a neurosurgeon in brain matters. Some of the options for internal bleeding treatment are as follows:

  • Brain Path Surgery
  • Draining Fluid from the Brain
  • Medication
  • Physical, Occupation and Speech Therapy

Brain Path Surgery

The neurosurgeon removes tumours or blood clots or any sort of resistance from the brain with the help of a mini channel. This method is considered to be a safe bet. Patients are also known to bounce back from the effects of this surgery at a faster pace. 

Medications

If you are suffering from internal bleeding, then your doctors might recommend you some medications. These medications are the best for controlling blood pressure, seizures and headaches. 

Draining Fluid from Brain

Doctors might insert a hollow tube inside the patient’s brain to move all the blood out from the insides. This method does not allow the brain to form bruises and also protects the internal side of the brain. 

Physical, Occupation and Speech Therapy

All the blood inside the brain can make the functions of the brain a bit hazy. The pool of blood can also cause serious pressure buildup in the insides. It can cause impairment of motor functions such as learning and speech. Therefore in order for people to suit better in society, they need to have this therapy as a treatment for internal bleeding. 

The Bottom Line

Make sure to take notes from the above-provided information. If you do not get medical assistance at that time, the results can prove to be fatal. If you have any queries you can reach out to your primary health care advisor. 

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